"Nigeria’s President Gives Military More Power in Struggle Against Militants"
Struggling to contain Islamist insurgency, the president of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, has ordered in more troops and granted the military more powers to arrest, more authority to seize, and more leeway in any area of terrorist operation. Almost four years into an uprising that has cost nearly 4,000 lives, a larger version of the anti-Islamist strategy already in place struck many politicians, analysts and residents as a leading up to more of one of this undeclared war’s trademarks. Residents have observed troops arriving for several days at an air base in Borno’s principal city, Maiduguri, and headed north, apparently toward border areas near Chad and Cameroon where Boko Haram is said to have encampments. Mr. Jonathan’s speech appears to have been prompted in part by a Boko Haram raid in Borno State last week that the military said killed 55 people, including 22 police officers. The military said dozens of Islamist fighters swept into the town of Bama during the raid, breaking into a prison, where they freed 105 people, and attacking a police station. The critics of the government said that local officials had indeed fled from a number of villages in the northern part of the state, fearful of assassination by the militants, who have relentlessly targeted symbols of Abuja’s authority.
This article relates to the topic of social cleavages because there is violence and conflict between insurgent groups and the Nigerian military. Groups like Boko Haram and MEND are the groups that the president, Goodluck Jonathan, is trying to contain, and the president is willing to give the military more power than it already has in order to put a stop to the violence and insurgency in Nigeria.
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Nossiter, Adam. "Nigeria Military Gets More Power to Fight Rebels." New York Times. New York Times, 15 May 2013. Web. 09 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/16/world/africa/nigeria-military-gets-more-power-to-fight-rebels.html>.
Sunday, June 9, 2013
"Anti-West Hard-Liner Gains in Iranian Race"
This article relates to social cleavages because there is conflict between the conservatives and the reformists when it comes to Iranian politics. Supposedly Saeed Jalili is neutral, like his mentor, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, but he has shown signs of conservatism in his ideas.
Erdbrink, Thomas. "Anti-West Hard-Liner Gains in Iranian Race." New York Times. New York Times, 28 May 2013. Web. 09 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/29/world/middleeast/saeed-jalili-emerges-as-establishment-favorite-in-irans-presidential-race.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>.
"Taliban Attack Kills 7 Georgian Soldiers in Afghanistan"
According to Georgian and Afghan officials in Helmand, a suicide bomber driving a truck packed with explosives attacked an isolated base in Kabul, Afghanistan. The base was staffed by Georgian troops in Helmand Province on Thursday evening, and seven soldiers were killed. It was the second truck bomb attack on a Georgian base in Helmand in less than a month. The first attack was a bombing on May 13 killed three Georgians, according to Georgian defense officials. Helmand has been the deadliest province for troops in the international coalition in Afghanistan, claiming at least 935 lives since 2001. Georgia, with a contingent of 1,570 soldiers, is the largest non-NATO member of the International Security Assistance Force. The Georgians have three bases in Helmand, all in the north of the province, where the Taliban are fighting hard to regain ground: in the districts of Now Zad and Musa Qala, and in an area near Sangin. The recent attack brings to 30 the number of Georgians killed in Afghanistan since the country’s troops arrived in 2004.
This article relates to social cleavages because there is violence between Georgian troops, along with British and American Marines, and the Taliban that continuously attacks the province of Helmand in Afghanistan. Not only is the Taliban attacking the bases, but they are also capturing, torturing, and killing troops in the area to get revenge and show their hatred towards the troops on the bases.
Shah, Alissa J. Rubin And Taimoor. "Taliban Attack Base Guarded by Georgians in Afghanistan." The New York Times. The New York Times, 07 June 2013. Web. 09 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/08/world/asia/taliban-attack-base-guarded-by-georgians-in-afghanistan.html?ref=world>.
"Syrian Opposition Says It Rejects Talks Unless Rebels Get Arms"
This article relates to the topic of social cleavages because there is conflict between two different states, them being Syria and the United States with Russia, with trying to hold the Geneva Conference to make a negotiation. There is also a conflict between the Syria government and the Syrian opposition party that also includes groups of rebels that want ammunition and weapons.
Gordon, Michael R. "Syria Opposition Won’t Attend Talks Unless Rebels Get Arms, Commander Says." The New York Times. The New York Times, 08 June 2013. Web. 09 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/09/world/middleeast/syria-opposition-wont-attend-talks-unless-rebels-get-arms-commander-says.html?ref=world>.
This relates to social cleavages because not only is there violence within the farmers and the Israeli military/authorities, there is also a conflict within social class because the farmers are obviously not wealthy like the Israeli military. The farmers don't have much of a say because there is nothing they can do about the restrictions in the buffer zone. The Israeli military says that they are only shooting from the fence because there are usually protesters that try to cut the fence or damage it in some other way. If there weren't any attacks, the military says that they wouldn't harm the farmers because they have every right to grow crops in the area.
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Rudoren, Fares Akram And Jodi. "Palestinian Farmers in Gaza Buffer Zone Remain Wary."The New York Times. The New York Times, 07 June 2013. Web. 09 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/08/world/middleeast/palestinian-farmers-in-gaza-buffer-zone-remain-wary.html?ref=world>.
"Emirates Balk at Activism in Region Hit by Uprisings"
This relates to my topic of social cleavages because many Emiratis agree, and fear that groups like Islah threaten a stability that has made their country of 5.5 million wealthy, safe and peaceful. The groups involved are the activists that want democratic reform, while the Conservatives are on the other hand that believe groups like Islah will create turmoil and bring disorder. In Dubai, the nation’s largest city, democratic signs are already showing the Emirates government that times are changing. In Dubai, locals are rare, alcohol is accessible and everywhere, and women in miniskirts flirt with men in public. Political analysts worry that a democratic transition in this period for a state like the United Arab Emirates, would put the people in the chaos of reactionary conservatism, probably for the next 30 or 40 years.
Hubbard, Ben. "Emirates Balk at Activism in Region Hit by Uprisings." The New York Times. The New York Times, 08 June 2013. Web. 09 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/09/world/middleeast/emirates-balk-at-activism-in-region-hit-by-uprisings.html?pagewanted=1>.
Thursday, April 4, 2013
"British Premier Says Nuclear Risks Highlight Need for Deterrent"
In London, Britain, the Prime Minister David Cameron had a strong defense of Britain's nuclear prevention on Thursday. Mr. Cameron welcomed home the crew of a nuclear-armed submarine based in western Scotland. Britain maintains a force of four nuclear submarines that carry missiles and patrol all year round. But lawmakers are trapped in a debate about the cost of replacing them at a time. Cameron said that he knows there are some people who disagree with our nuclear restriction and don’t want us to renew it. “There are those who say that we don’t need it anymore, because the cold war has ended. There are those who say we can’t afford Trident anymore, so we either need to find a viable cheaper option, or rely on the United States to protect us.” With Iran pursuing nuclear ambitions and North Korea testing nuclear devices and missiles, Mr. Cameron said, “does anyone seriously argue that it would be wise for Britain, faced with this evolving threat today, to surrender our deterrent?”
This article relates to my topic of social cleavages because there is a division between countries that are threatening to launch nuclear missiles, like Iran and North Korea, and the United States being the country under threat. The Prime Minister of Britain is concerned and he believes that nuclear restrictions and prevention is important to try to stop the growing concerns of nuclear threats.
Cowell, Alan. "Cameron Urges Support for Nuclear Deterrent." The New York Times. The New York Times, 04 Apr. 2013. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/05/world/europe/cameron-urges-support-for-nuclear-deterrent.html?ref=world>.